Uruguay has a population of 3.3 million inhabitants and is situated between Brazil and Argentina. It occupies a territory 176,215 sq. km wide. It has 220 km of Atlantic coast, 378 km of coast by the Río de la Plata and a 435 km-coastline along the Río Uruguay. The above mentioned rivers are the southern and western natural boundaries with Argentina, and, at the same time they have been and are the communication ways between the two neighbouring nations that grew by its coasts. By E and N, the country borders the hugest South American country, Brazil, whose cultural influence is visible in the bordering areas.
TERRITORY AND CLIMATE
Its moderate climate and its territory of vast fertile prairies and rolling hills with rougher elevations, watered by numerous water courses have turned the country into a great agricultural producer, with extraordinary comparative and competitive advantages.
Half of the total population live in the capital -Montevideo- and its surroundings. Still today, Uruguay is a scantily populated country with a low demographic density (19 inhabitants/sq. km). The availability of vast open spaces, even in the cities, is one of the typical features of the country.
Approximately two million foreign visitors enter the country every year. Most of the tourists visit the country in summer -from mid-December to the beginning of March- looking for sun and beaches. However, the- re has been a development of ecological, rural and thermal tourism that can be enjoyed all the year round.
The geographical position of the country at the entrance of the Río de la Plata’s basin, together with its excellent natural harbour was a determining factor for the country’s future. The city grew out of the military and commercial activities developed around the port. Later, after the independence of the country, with the European immigration and the contact with the world the city grew more important and sophisticated, which started being evidenced in the urban infra- structure, the architecture, the wide fan of social activities and the life standards. Today it is a cosmopolitan city, of a rather calm and nice style, with a rich cultural and leisure offer.
MONTEVIDEO`S INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
2 HS AROUND
You can find a vast variety of locations just two hours around Montevideo or Punta del Este. Dunes that look like deserts in Cabo Polonio, awesome hills views in Minas, Colonia del Sacramento with its potty streets, and a lot more.
Gigantic moving sand dunes surround the fishermen town of Cabo Polonio (2hs from Punta del Este). Ruffled by the winds these imposing sand hills shift slowly along the coast with their giant-like pace.
The green rolling hills of Minas, just about 100 km from Montevideo and Punta del Este.
COLONIA DEL SACRAMENTO
Colonia del Sacramento (2 hs away from Montevideo) was declared by UNESCO as World Heritage in 1995. Its cobbled streets, squares, the church and other constructions keep untouched the features of the original city. And from there, you can take a 45 minutes ferry to Buenos Aires.
You can find a great variety of crop fields all along the year. Corn, wheat, rice, soybeans, oats ar the main agriculture products among fruits and of course... great vineyards, cheers!